august first: lammas.

august first: lammas.

at lammas, also called lughnasadh (pronounced loo-NAS-ah), the hot days of august are upon us, much of the earth is dry and parched, but we still know that the bright reds and yellows of the harvest season are just around the corner. apples are beginning to ripen in the trees, our summer vegetables have been picked, corn is tall and green, waiting for us to come gather the bounty of the crop fields. now is the time to begin reaping what we have sown, and gathering up the first harvests of grain, wheat, oats, and more.

this holiday can be celebrated either as a way to honor the god lugh, or as a celebration of the harvest.

grain has held a place of importance in civilization back nearly to the beginning of time. grain became associated with the cycle of death and rebirth. the sumerian god tammuz was slain and his lover ishtar grieved so heartily that nature stopped producing. ishtar mourned tammuz and followed him to the underworld to bring him back, similar to the story of demeter and persephone.

in greek legend, the grain god was adonis. two goddesses, aphrodite and persephone, battled for his love. to end the fighting, zeus ordered adonis to spend six months with persephone in the underworld, and the rest with aphrodite.

in early ireland, it was a bad idea to harvest your grain any time before lammas; it meant that the previous year's harvest had run out early, and that was a serious failing in agricultural communities. however, on august 1, the first sheaves of grain were cut by the farmer, and by nightfall his wife had made the first loaves of bread of the season.

in some wiccan and modern pagan traditions, lammas is also a day of honoring lugh, the celtic craftsman god. he is a god of many skills and was honored in various aspects by societies both in the british isles and in europe. lughnasadh is still celebrated in many parts of the world today. lugh's influence appears in the names of several european towns.

in our modern world, it's often easy to forget the trials and tribulations our ancestors had to endure. for us, if we need a loaf of bread, we simply drive over to the local grocery store and buy a few bags of prepackaged bread. if we run out, it's no big deal, we just go and get more. when our ancestors lived, hundreds and thousands of years ago, the harvesting and processing of grain was crucial. if crops were left in the fields too long, or the bread not baked in time, families could starve. taking care of one's crops meant the difference between life and death.
by celebrating lammas as a harvest holiday, we honor our ancestors and the hard work they must have had to do in order to survive. this is a good time to give thanks for the abundance we have in our lives, and to be grateful for the food on our tables. lammas is a time of transformation, of rebirth and new beginnings.
because of its association with lugh, the skilled god, this is also a time to celebrate talents and craftsmanship. it's a traditional time of year for craft festivals, and for skilled artisans to peddle their wares. in medieval europe, guilds would arrange for their members to set up booths around a village green, festooned with bright ribbons and fall colors. perhaps this is why so many modern renaissance Festivals begin around this time of year!
honor the sun with solar rituals or spellwork, host a bonfire, bake fresh bread at home. honor one of the many harvest deities, decorate your altar with sunflowers and wheat, and/or do abundance and prosperity work!
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